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Fleece Preparation for Ingrid's Handwoven Rugs

Reinhard recommends the following for preparation of llama or alpaca fleeces, both to make it more efficient for him and to result in a finer rug for you.

1. Brush the animal several times to free the fiber from hay, straw, bugs, and other particles before shearing. This is necessary in order for you to get a clean and dirt-free product that will last a lifetime, since our wool blender will only eliminate little vegetable material and it may also clog up our spinning equipment. Although we do hand pick the woven product with special tweezers, it would be too time consuming if there are too many particles left in the wool.

2. There is no need to wash the llama or alpaca fleece since it does not contain grease, unlike sheep wool and mohair. However, if the fleece is very dirty, dusty, or has lots of vegetable matter in it, you may want to soak it gently - no agitation - in warm water with a little liquid dishwashing soap, then gently lift the fleece into same temperature fresh water to rinse it. Lay it on a towel or screen in the sun to dry.

3. Coarseness (microns) of the fiber is of no importance. We can use it as is, fine, coarse, or mixed. If you wish to keep the fiber of each animal separate, you may do so or you can put similar colors together. In any case we will contact you as soon as we receive the fleece to discuss the details with you: size, fringe or no fringe, patterns, etc.

4. We require aproximately 5.5 to 6.5 oz of fiber per square foot of woven product, depending on fiber loss during processing. Very short staple fiber has more loss than a longer fiber. We spin the fiber around a jute core, which gives the finished product a weight of 0.55 to 0.60 lb/sq ft and a thickness of 3/8 to 1/2 inch.

5. Though we do not dye fleeces, you may do so if you wish. It will not affect our processing of it.


Approximate pounds of fiber needed for rug sizes. Note a minimum of 5 lb is required. Custom widths are available. Contact Reinhard for prices at 800-752-8004 or schofft@wtxs.net .

rug size
pounds of fiber
square feet
2 ft x 3 ft
3 ft x 5 ft
4 ft x 4 ft
4 ft x 6 ft
6 ft x 9 ft
8 ft x 10 ft
9 ft x 12 ft
10 ft x 12 ft
12 ft x 14 ft
13" x 17"
9 oz 1.5



To get a general idea of what we can or can not do, please request pictures of some of our previous orders. We will send them to you via e-mail or parcel post. See some examples of llama rugs here.

You will be able to tell how much and how many different colors of contrast you need. If you have equal amounts of several colors, we will be able to make a rug with alternating stripes or a rag rug design.Some patterns require a lot of one color for the base color of the rug, with lessser amounts for the accept colors. The more of a contrast the colors have, the better the pattern will show up on the base color. We can also blend several colors together, giving a heathery appearance.


This distinct area rug is hand loomed in west Texas by experienced weavers. The natural fiber is spun around a jute core, which given the rug years of durability and also has the advantage of being reversible. Since the fiber has its natural color, it resists fading and wear and also provides a certain amount of sound proofing.


This unique hand woven natural fiber rug, with European-like texture, shows occasional unevenness and nubbs, which gives each rug an original appearance.


Vacuum your rug with a smooth surface attachment frequently. There will be slight loss of fiber each time, but so minimal as to be unnoticeable. Spot clean with warm water and mild soap or Resolve. The entire surface may be shampooed with a Woolite rug cleaner. For your safety, a quality foam under pad is recommended.

Home | Weaving | Fleece Preparation and Rug Details | Some Rug Patterns

Updated July 9, 2010
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